What a Producer Does Part 2

Producer - Cigar

There are different types of producers in both Television and Feature Films.  There are also Theatrical Producers, but since this is a website for Independent Filmmakers, I won’t go into that.   Today’s blog is about Television  Producers.  Television Producers will be covered in a follow up blog. 

 According The Producers Guild of America the different functions of producers is as follows.

 TELEVISION

  EXECUTIVE PRODUCER

  • The Executive Producer credit in television series is given to the individual(s) who’s only reporting responsibility is to the studio and/or companies financing and distributing a television series.
  • The Executive Producer has final responsibility for the creative and business aspects of producing the series.
  • She/he will have direct authority over a majority of the producing functions throughout all phases of the series production. The informal title “Show Runner” has frequently come to serve as shorthand for a series’ Executive Producer.
  • The primary point of contact with the network, studio, and/or Production Company regarding the development, production, post-production and marketing of the series.
  • DEVELOPMENT
    • Responsible for the creation or development of the series, including its concept, format and characters.
    • Supervises or participates in story or script meetings, approves all storylines, and supervise the creation of the series “bible.”
    • Involved with studio in negotiating the network license fees or any additional financing required to produce the series.
    • Supervises and/or approves the preparation of the series amortization and pattern budgets.
  • PRE-PRODUCTION
    • Selects or approves of the hiring of key members of the producing team, such as the production manager, director of photography, and composer.
    • Supervises or approves the series budget.
    • Supervises and participates in all department pre-production meetings.
    • Approves the series’ overall production schedule, including start dates, hiatus schedules, shutdown days, etc.
  • PRODUCTION
  • Serves as the primary point-of-contact for the network, studio, and production company entities for business and financial.
  •  Serves as the primary point-of-contact for the network, studio and production company entities for creative and “tone” issues.
  • Supervises or participates in story or script meetings, and approves all “in house” generated story outlines and scripts.
  • Supervises or participates in freelance story “pitch meetings” and selects and/or approves freelance script assignments, including approval of all freelance episodic writing deals.
  • Supervises and approves all final “shooting scripts.”
  • Selects and/or approves the hiring of all episodic directors and provided in person consultation with them.
  • Selects and/or approves the casting or recasting of series regulars with the network, production company and studio.
  • Approves all set designs and set dressing for sets created and built for the ongoing series.
  • Selects and approves all members of the producing team, and supervises and participates in the episodic production meetings.
  • Approves the choice of format (Film, Digital) and raw stock.
  • Approves the choice of stage and production sites when filming locally.
  • Supervises and/or approves the main title sequence.

POST PRODUCTION & DELIVERY

  • Consults with the network, studio and/or production company regarding delivery requirement issues as final cuts, air dates, and standards & practices.
  • Selects and/or approves the choice of post-production facilities and editors, providing in-person consultation with them.
  • Views and provides consultation on the dailies, and appraises all cuts shown to the network or distributor.
  • Approves the final cut of each episode (including the main title sequence).
  • Approves the “spotting” of music and sound effects.
  • Approves the final “dub” of each episode.
  • Provides ongoing consultation on the publicity and promotional campaigns.
  • Supervises and/or approves the series “gallery shoots.

SUPERVISING PRODUCER

  • Supervises one or more producers in the performance of some or all of his/her/their producer functions, on single or multiple productions, either in place of, or subject to the overriding authority of an Executive Producer.
  • A primary creative contributors to the series that qualify under one of three categories:
  • Having received the credit of Writer-Producer for no less than two full seasons of series episodes that have been nationally telecast; OR
  • Having received the credit of Producer or “Produced By” for no less than two full seasons of series episodes that have been nationally telecast;   —-OR—
  • A director who has responsibility for supervising all episodic directors on the set.

PRODUCER

  • A Producer is involved throughout all phases of production from inception to completion, including coordination, supervision and control of all other talents and crafts, subject to the provisions of their collective bargaining agreements and personal service contracts.
  • Primary creative contributor to the series, he/she performs, in a decision-making capacity, a preponderance of the producing functions.
  • Performs in a decision-making capacity, a substantial number of producing functions.

CO-PRODUCER

  • Co-Producers are two or more functioning producers who perform jointly or cumulatively all of the producer functions as a team or group.
  • Primary creative contributors to the series that perform, in a decision-making capacity, a substantial number of producing functions.

LINE PRODUCER

  • A Line Producer performs the Producer functions involved in supervising the physical aspects of the making of a motion picture or television production where the creative decision-making process is reserved to others, except to such extent as the Line Producer is permitted to participate. Unit Production Managers, who perform no more than the customary services of a Unit Production Manager, should be credited only as such.

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER

  • An Associate Producer performs one or more producer functions delegated to him/her by a producer, under the supervision of such producer.
  • Responsible for the creative and business aspects of the post production of the series, with direct participation in making decisions concerning post production.

POST PRODUCER

  • Responsible for the creative and business aspects of the post production of the series, with direct participation in making decisions concerning post production.