What a Producer Does Part 1

Producer - Cigar
There are different types of producers in both Television and Feature Films.  There are also Theatrical Producers, but since this is a website for Independent Filmmakers, I won’t go into that.   Today’s blog is about Feature Film Producers.  Television Producers will be covered in a follow up blog.

According The Producers Guild of America the different functions of producers are as follows.

THEATRICAL MOTION PICTURES

Credit Guidelines (Sanctioned by PGA)

PRODUCED BY:

The “Produced by” credit is given to the person(s) most completely responsible for a film’s production. Subject to the control of the Owner (see Rules of Arbitration, section I.B), the “Produced by” would have significant decision-making authority over a majority of the producing functions across the four phases of a motion picture’s production. Those phases are: Development; Pre-Production; Production; and Post-Production & Marketing.

Subject to the control of the Owner, The individual receiving Produced By credit shall have final responsibility for all business and creative aspects of the productionof the motion picture, with direct participation in making decisions concerning a majority of the producing functions:

  • DEVELOPMENT
    • Conceived of the underlying concept upon which the production is based or involved at its inception.
    • Selected the material upon which the production is based and secured necessary rights for development and production of the material.
    • Selected the writer(s).
    • Supervised and oversaw the development process.
    • Secured the initial financing.
    • Served as the primary point of contact for the studio and/or financing entity.
  • PRE PRODUCTION
    • Selected the director, co-producer and unit production manager.
    • Selected the principal cast in consultation with the director.
    • In consultation with the director, selected the production designer, cinematographer, editor and visual effects co.
    • Participated in location scouting in consultation with the director.
    • Supervised the preparation of the preliminary budget and approved and signed the final budget in consultation with the Co-Producer and UPM.
    • Creatively involved in the final shooting script in consultation with the director and the writer(s) and approved and signed the final shooting script.
    • Approved the final shooting schedule in consultation with the director.
  • PRODUCTION
    • Exercised final approval of the deals for the principal components of the production.
    • Provided continuous in-person consultation with the director and principal cast
    • In collaboration with the director, provided in-person consultation with the production designer, art department, wardrobe, make-up and hair.
    • In collaboration with the director, provided in-person consultation with the stunt coordinator and on mechanical effects (if applicable).
    • Supervised “on-set” and on a continuous basis the day-to-day operation of the producing team and the entire shooting company.
    • Approved the weekly cost report.
    • Viewed the “dailies” and provided in-person consultation with the director, the editor, the studio and/or financial entity.
  • POST PRODUCTION / MARKETING
    • Provided in-person participation on visual effects in consultation with the director, the studio or financial entity.
    • Selected the composer in consultation with the director, and participated in-person with the composer and the director in the scoring process
    • Provided in-person consultation with the editor along with the director, the studio or financial entity, and participated on the final cut of the motion picture.
    • Consulted with the director and the editor during the preparation of the first cut that is shown to the studio/financial entity.
    • Selected the music supervisor in consultation with the director, and participated in-person during the music recording sessions.
    • Provided in-person consultation with the director on the re-recording stage.
    • Provided in-person consultation with the director on the titles and opticals.
    • Provided in-person consultation with the cinematographer, the director, the studio and/or financing entity on the answer print or edited master.
    • Consulted on the media plan and materials, and the marketing and distribution plans for the motion picture.
    • Consulted on the plans for exploitation of the motion picture in ancillary and foreign markets.

CO-PRODUCER / LINE PRODUCER

  • The credit of Co-Producer / Line Producer is to be granted to the individual who reports directly to the individual(s) receiving “Produced By” credit on the theatrical motion picture.
  • The Co-Producer / Line Producer is the single individual who has the primary responsibility for the logistics of the production, from pre-production through completion of production; all Department Heads report to the Co-Producer / Line Producer.

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER

  • The credit of Executive Producer shall only apply to an individual who has made a significant contribution to the motion picture and who additionally qualifies under one of two categories:
    • Having secured an essential and proportionally significant part (no less than 25%) of the financing for the motion picture; and/or
    • Having made a significant contribution to the development of the literary property, typically including the securement of the underlying rights to the material on which the motion picture is based.

PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR/MANAGER

  •  The Production Supervisor/Manager reports directly and immediately to the person performing the Co-Producer/Line Producer or UPM functions.
  •  The Production Supervisor/Manager has the primary responsibility for the logistics of the production of the motion picture, from pre-production through the completion of production.

PRODUCTION COORDINATOR

  • The Production Coordinator reports to the person(s) receiving the Produced By credit, the Co-Producer/Line Producer the Production Supervisor/Manager or UPM.
  • The Coordinator interacts with various studio and production departments concerning any and all logistics of production and is responsible for facilitating production requirements including, but not limited to, equipment contracts, purchase orders, film inventory, insurance, day player contracts, crew deal memos, travel and shipping, call sheets, production reports, cast and crew lists, and compliance with various union report requirements.

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER

  • The Associate Producer credit is granted solely on the decision of the individual receiving the Produced By credit, and is to be granted sparingly and only for those individuals who are delegated significant production functions.
  •  The Associate Producer is responsible for performing one or more producing functions delegated to him/her by the individual receiving the Produced By credit and the Co-Producer. This does not include persons whose primary function is as an assistant.

POST-PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR

  • The Post Production Supervisor reports directly to the Co-Producer/Line Producer.
  • The Post Production Supervisor is responsible for the coordination and oversight of the entire post production process, but not primarily as a production company executive.

POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR

  • The Post Production Coordinator reports directly to the Post Production Supervisor.
  • The Coordinator is responsible for facilitating post production functions as assigned by the Post Supervisor, which can involve interaction with various studio and post production departments concerning any and all aspects of the logistics of post production, such as working with the vendors, helping prepare day player contracts and crew deal memos, scheduling ADR, making travel arrangements, distributing paperwork, maintaining crew lists, etc.

ASSOCIATE POST-PRODUCER

  • The Associate Post-Producer credit is granted solely on the decision of the individual receiving the Produced By credit, and is to be granted sparingly and only for those individuals who are delegated significant post-production functions.
  • The Associate Producer is responsible for performing one or more producing functions delegated to him/her by the individual receiving the Produced By credit and the Post-Production Supervisor. This does not include persons whose primary function is as an assistant.

VISUAL EFFECTS PRODUCER

  • The Visual Effects Producer reports directly to the individual receiving the “Produced By” credit and/or the Visual Effects Supervisor.
  • The Visual Effects Producer is responsible for a film’s visual effects budget and schedule across at least two of the three phases of a motion picture’s pre-production, production, and post-production process.

VISUAL EFFECTS CO-PRODUCER

  •  The Visual Effects Co-Producer reports directly to the Visual Effects Supervisor and/or the Visual Effects Producer.
  • The Visual Effects Producer is responsible for overseeing several Visual Effects Coordinators and/or assuming many of the day-to-day tasks of the Visual Effects Producer.

VISUAL EFFECTS COORDINATOR

  • The Visual Effects Coordinator reports directly to the Visual Effects Co-Producer.
  • The Visual Effects Coordinator is responsible for facilitating visual effects functions as assigned by the Visual Effects Co-Producer, which can involve interaction with various production and post-production departments concerning any and all aspects of the logistics of visual effects.

Next Blog:  What A Producer Does – Part 2